The Exodus - Moses and the Ten Plagues
Table of Contents
Part I - Links and Videos
There a number of good links available to those interested in this phenomenal subject and they are described below. They are necessary in order to get a full understanding of what actually happened here and the magnitude of it.
There is an article published by Austrailia’s only Rabbi that describes the Papyrus writings along with the Exodus equivalents that is very good. It can be found here.
The Ancient History Encyclopedia also has a great article on the Papyrus and it also lists a number of the text writings. It can be found here.
A 1909 publication of the translation of the Papyrus into English by A. H. Gardiner can be found here.
Evidence For the Plagues of Egypt
The Ipuwer Papyrus
Part II - Ipuwer Papyrus
Admonitions of Ipuwer
The Admonitions of Ipuwer is an account of an event of “biblical proportions” that takes place in Egypt during the biblical Exodus ten plagues and contains a first-hand account of the effects that they had on Egypt. The papyrus goes into much detail describing the events that seem to match the Exodus in Ancient Egypt. There are differing opinions on the period that the Papyrus was written. Some say the Middle Kingdom (between 2050 BC and 1652). Second Intermediate Period (1640 BCE – 1550 BCE). What seems to be very apparent is that Ipuwer is describing a catastrophic event; there is little debate about that fact. If the Exodus events are not what is described by Ipuwer, then whatever Ipuwer is telling us is probably the most significant historical event kept from mankind. What is the mathematical chance of the events common to Exodus and the Papyrus occurring during the same period?
I first ran across the Papyrus in 2012 as it was mentioned in a video about the Red Sea Crossing. It was only due to the guidance of the Virgin Mary that I was even looking at the Exodus story. I didn’t choose this subject, she did. The title of the video was “The Red Sea Crossing” and was produced under the name “Surprising Discoveries” and can still be viewed on YouTube although the quality is poor as the video was made in 1978. The gentleman narrating the video is archaeologist Jonathan Gray.